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20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Are you looking to explore the stunning medieval citadels of Romania this summer? If so, you have come to the right place! From the beautiful city walls of Sighișoara to the picturesque fortresses of Hunedoara, Romania is home to some of Europe’s most magnificent medieval citadels. 

In this blog post, we will provide you with an overview of the 20 best Romanian citadels to visit this summer and share some unique insights on the art and culture of medieval jewelry that make these citadels so special. 

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1. Suceava Princely Fortress (Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei, SV)

Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei - 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei

Located in the Suceava County of Romania, Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei is one of the most impressive citadels of the region. Dating back to the late 14th century, it was built by Petru I of Moldavia as a strategic point on the border with Poland.

The fortress was initially built with wooden walls, but during the reign of Stephen the Great, it was refortified and strengthened with stone walls. The structure features two wings and three main entrances, with two towers for defense. The castle is surrounded by a water moat, which makes it even more difficult to access.

The citadel also houses an interesting museum, where visitors can learn more about the region’s history. In addition to the artifacts and displays, visitors can enjoy the stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei is a must-visit destination for any traveler looking to explore Romania’s medieval heritage. The castle serves as a reminder of the rich history of the region and is a beautiful spot to take in the local culture and beauty of Romania.

2) Rupea Citadel (Cetatea Rupea, BV) – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the county of Brașov, Romania, Cetatea Rupea is a medieval fortress perched atop a hill in the Carpathian Mountains. Built in the 14th century, this citadel was originally used to protect the area from foreign invaders and military raids. Its original architecture has been preserved and visitors can explore its walls, towers, and ruins. From the top of the castle, visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. It is also home to a museum, which holds exhibits about the history of the region. For those looking to get away from it all, Cetatea Rupea offers an ideal spot to escape and explore Romania’s past.

3) Neamț Citadel (Cetatea Neamț)

Cetatea Neamtului, also known as Neamt Fortress, is one of Romania’s most impressive medieval citadels. Located in the northeastern region of Romania, Cetatea Neamtului dates back to the 14th century and was built to protect the Moldavia region from invasions by the Ottoman Empire. The fortress was heavily fortified with walls that reach up to 10 meters in height and towers that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. It also served as a refuge for the people during times of conflict.

Today, Cetatea Neamtului is a popular tourist attraction and is home to some attractions, including the Vasile Lupu Museum, which showcases artifacts from the 15th and 16th centuries, as well as a variety of historical exhibits and artifacts. Visitors can also explore the ruins of the old citadel, and enjoy stunning panoramic views of the city. Whether you’re looking for a day trip or an extended stay, Cetatea Neamtului should be on your list of places to visit this summer!

4) Râșnov Citadel (Cetatea Râșnov) – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the southern region of Transylvania, Cetatea Rasnov is one of the oldest and most famous citadels in Romania. The citadel was built by Teutonic knights in 1215 as a means of defense against the Ottoman Empire. It was later occupied by Saxons and Romanians, who both made modifications to its original structure.

Today, the castle is open to visitors who can explore its towers, gates, walls, and other features. The main attraction is the main tower, which stands at 70 meters and offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside. Visitors can also explore several rooms within the castle, including an armory, a chapel, and a prison.

The citadel is open year-round, but the best time to visit is in summer when the weather is mild and sunny.

5) Făgăraș Citadel – Cetatea Făgăraș, BV

Located in the heart of Transylvania, Cetatea Fagaras is one of the most impressive citadels in Romania. Built in the 13th century, it served as a strategic point of defense against the invading Turks. Today, it still stands proudly, offering visitors a glimpse into Romania’s medieval past.

Fagaras is situated atop a hill, surrounded by a deep and wide moat. Its walls are made of stones and bricks, reinforced with wooden beams and guard towers. Inside, visitors can explore several rooms, including a guardroom, storage areas, and a chapel. In addition, there are two courtyards, a drawbridge, and an impressive gatehouse.

Today, Cetatea Fagaras is a popular tourist destination and an important part of Romania’s cultural heritage. Visitors can explore its history through guided tours or simply marvel at its magnificence from afar. If you’re looking for a unique experience that combines culture and adventure, Fagaras is the place to be!

6) Alba Carolina Citadel – Cetatea Alba Carolina, AB – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the heart of Romania, Cetatea Alba Carolina is one of the most important citadels in the country. The citadel was built in 1714 by the Austrian Habsburgs and was designed as a stronghold to defend the area from Turkish and Tatar incursions. It was completed in 1738 and served as an important military base until it was abandoned in the late 19th century.

Today, Cetatea Alba Carolina is a popular tourist destination and features some attractions. Inside its walls, visitors can explore the massive fortifications, towers, and walls that make up the citadel’s impressive architecture. There are also a few museums dedicated to the history of the citadel, as well as interactive exhibits that allow visitors to explore its history in greater detail. Additionally, the citadel is home to a variety of cultural events and festivals throughout the year, making it an ideal spot for both locals and tourists alike. 

If you’re looking for a unique experience, Cetatea Alba Carolina is worth a visit!

7) Enisala Citadel (Heracleea) – Cetatea Enisala, TL 

Nestled in the middle of the Danube Delta and the Carpathian Mountains, Cetatea Enisala is a true gem of Romania’s medieval history. Also known as Heracleea, Cetatea Enisala was built around 1340 AD and served as a major fortress during the Ottoman Empire. The fortification walls were made from earth and wood, and today only parts of the walls remain visible. This impressive citadel provides visitors with a unique insight into Romanian history and culture and is a must-visit for anyone interested in exploring Romania’s rich heritage. 

The main attraction at Cetatea Enisala is the circular tower that stands in the center of the fortification. It is believed to have been used as a storage unit for ammunition, food, and other supplies needed for the fortification’s defense. From the tower, visitors can get a magnificent view of the surrounding landscape. Nearby, there are also several small churches, some of which still retain their original features. 

The area around Cetatea Enisala has been declared a protected area, so visitors are encouraged to take special care to protect the environment while visiting this beautiful citadel. The nearby town of Tulcea offers a wide range of accommodations and attractions, making it an ideal base for visiting Cetatea Enisala. This stunning medieval citadel is sure to delight any visitor looking to experience the real essence of Romania.

8) Șiria Fortress (Cetatea Șiria), AR – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

The fortress of Siria dates from the thirteenth century, considering that the oldest part of the fortress was the donjon, and the rest of the walls were gradually added until the sixteenth century.

In the construction of the old parts of the fortress were used Roman bricks, stamped with the sign of the XIII Gemina Legion.

The fortress is also known because of the Romanian voivodes who had a leading role in this fortress.

With its ancient walls, and fascinating architecture there is something for everyone to enjoy.

9) Deva Fortress (Cetatea Deva), HD

Located in the village of Deva, in the Hunedoara county of Romania, Cetatea Devei is a medieval fortification constructed in the 13th century. The fortress was built by the Hungarian king, Ladislaus IV, and had an important role in defending the region against Ottoman invasions.

Today, Cetatea Devei remains mostly intact, featuring tall stone walls, towers, a drawbridge, and several buildings including a palace and a chapel. Inside the walls, visitors can admire an array of historical artifacts, such as weapons and artifacts from the Middle Ages.

In addition to its military and historical importance, Cetatea Devei is also a popular tourist destination. The fortress offers stunning views of the surrounding area and is a great place for exploring and hiking. Visitors can also enjoy local cuisine in the nearby restaurants and explore the nearby forests and caves.

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10) Sighișoara Citadel (Cetatea Sighișoara), MS – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Nestled in the rolling hills of Transylvania, Cetatea Sighisoara is one of Romania’s most beautiful citadels. Built in the 12th century, this medieval walled city is a stunning example of architecture and history. Cetatea Sighisoara is located in the central region of Romania and sits on the banks of the river Tarnava Mare. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its remarkable preservation and beauty.

Cetatea Sighisoara is surrounded by imposing stone walls that have been preserved almost perfectly over the centuries. These walls are an impressive sight to behold, as they stand tall against the surrounding landscape and serve as a reminder of the city’s long and storied past. Inside the walls, visitors will find a variety of historic buildings such as churches, palaces, and castles. One of the most notable sites within the walls is the Clock Tower which was built in the 15th century. The clock tower still operates today and is one of the main attractions for visitors to Cetatea Sighisoara.

Visitors to Cetatea Sighisoara can also enjoy the city’s many festivals and cultural events throughout the year. Some of these include the annual Midsummer Festival, Easter Fair, and Medieval Festival. The Midsummer Festival celebrates the Summer Solstice with music and dance performances, while the Easter Fair features local crafts and traditional foods. Lastly, the Medieval Festival showcases traditional handicrafts and weapons from the Middle Ages. 

For anyone looking to experience a taste of Romanian history and culture, Cetatea Sighisoara is an absolute must-see. 

11) Poenari Citadel (Cetatea Poenari), AG

One of the most impressive and well-preserved citadels in Romania is Cetatea Poenari, located in Arges County. It was built by Vlad III (Dracula) in the late 14th century to protect Wallachia against the Ottoman Empire. Today, it is one of the best-known tourist destinations in Romania.

The fortress stands at an altitude of more than 600 meters above sea level and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding area. Visitors can climb its stone steps to reach the top and explore its many chambers. Inside, they will find archaeological artifacts and remains of structures such as barracks and a chapel. From here, visitors can also admire the stunning natural beauty of the Arges Valley.

Cetatea Poenari is an important part of Romanian history and culture, and its preservation has been carefully maintained throughout the centuries. It is a unique opportunity for visitors to step back in time and experience the medieval atmosphere that surrounded this strategic location.

12) Histria Citadel (Cetatea Histria), CT – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the modern-day Romanian municipality of Constanța, Cetatea Histria was the oldest city attested in the present territory of Romania. Founded in the 7th century BC, this Greek-style citadel was built to protect the Black Sea coastline from possible raids. As a major port and trading hub, the citadel was surrounded by a thick wall and featured a temple dedicated to Apollo. After the Romans took control of the area, they added several impressive buildings such as the well-preserved Roman baths. Over the centuries, Histria was destroyed and rebuilt several times. Today, visitors can explore its well-preserved ruins, which include the old harbor, a tower, and the fortified gate, offering a captivating insight into Romania’s past.

13) Oradea Fortress (Cetatea Oradea), BH

Located in northwestern Romania, Cetatea Oradea is one of the most impressive citadels in the country. The citadel was built by the Austrian Empire in the 18th century, and it stands atop a hill overlooking the city of Oradea. Cetatea Oradea is renowned for its stunning architecture, which includes a Baroque tower, gates, walls, and a moat.

The complex was heavily damaged during World War II, but it has since been restored to its former glory. Inside the citadel, you’ll find a museum and art gallery, as well as a clock tower and several small churches. A great way to explore the citadel is to take a guided tour, which will provide you with an in-depth look into its history and culture.

Cetatea Oradea is also known for its beautiful gardens and lush greenery. The grounds are surrounded by towering trees, colorful flowers, and winding pathways. During your visit, be sure to take a walk around the grounds to admire the views of the city below.

The citadel is a great place to visit if you’re looking for a unique and memorable experience in Romania. It’s one of the most impressive citadels in the country and provides visitors with an unforgettable glimpse into Romania’s past.

14) Aiud Citadel (Cetatea Aiud), AB – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the heart of Transylvania, Cetatea Aiudului (Aiud Citadel) is one of the most impressive and best-preserved medieval citadels in Romania. Built-in the early 15th century, this stronghold was designed to protect the town and its people from invading forces. The walls of the citadel still stand today and have withstood the test of time. Visitors can explore the castle grounds and discover the many features that make it unique.

Cetatea Aiudului was built on a hill overlooking the city, making it an ideal defensive position. The main structure is made of large stone blocks, which provide great protection from attack. Several towers offer even more security. One of these towers is the iconic Clock Tower, which still stands today and is a symbol of the citadel.

Inside the citadel, visitors will find some interesting features. There is an old church, which has been preserved since the 15th century and still contains some of its original frescoes. There is also an impressive arsenal of weapons, including swords, shields, and spears. In addition, visitors can explore the dungeons and explore the history of Cetatea Aiudului.

This incredible citadel is a must-see for anyone interested in medieval architecture and Romanian history. Visiting Cetatea Aiudului is a great way to gain insight into a different era and learn more about Romania’s past.

15) Trascău Fortress (Cetatea Trascăului), AB

Cetatea Trascăului, also known as Cetatea Colțești is home to several historic churches, including the Church of St. Nicholas, which was built in the 15th century and is one of the oldest churches in the region. The site also features a bell tower, guard towers, gates, and walls. Visitors can explore the different levels of the complex, admire the views of the surrounding landscape, and learn about the history of the citadel.

Cetatea Trascăului is a great place to visit for those looking to immerse themselves in Romanian history and culture. The citadel offers a unique insight into the rich cultural heritage of the region and is sure to be an unforgettable experience for any traveler.

16) Mediaș Medieval Fortress (Cetatea Mediaș), SB – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the heart of Transylvania, Cetatea Medias, SB is an impressive medieval citadel and one of the most important tourist attractions in Romania. Built in the 13th century, the citadel was a strategic fortress and guard post for the kings of Hungary, later it was used as a residence for noble families.

Cetatea Medias has been carefully restored over the years, making it a great destination for history buffs and sightseers. The imposing walls, guard towers, and impressive gates give visitors an authentic glimpse into a bygone era. Inside the walls, you can explore the old residential buildings, the medieval castle and chapel, and the beautifully preserved main square.

The views from the top of the walls are stunning, offering amazing vistas over the town and surrounding countryside. Visitors to Cetatea Medias can enjoy traditional food and drinks at the local taverns, or simply stroll through the streets and admire the architecture.

This summer, make sure to add Cetatea Medias to your travel list and experience a taste of medieval Romania!

17) Fortress Câlnic (Cetatea Țărănească Câlnic), AB 

Situated in the region of Alba, Cetatea Țărănească Câlnic is one of Romania’s most remarkable citadels. Dating back to the 14th century, it was constructed to defend against invaders and protect the locals. Its walls are sandstone, and its towers are crowned with pinnacles. The site is incredibly well-preserved, and the interior of the citadel offers visitors a glimpse into the past. Tourists can explore the ruins, which include an imposing entrance gate, two defensive towers, a stone staircase, and a chapel dedicated to Saint Dimitrie. With its incredible views of the surrounding countryside and captivating architecture, Cetatea Țărănească Câlnic is worth visiting this summer!

18) Bologa Fortress (Cetatea Bologa), CJ – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the stunning countryside of Cluj County, Cetatea Bologa is a stunning medieval citadel that dates back to the 13th century. This beautiful structure is composed of three defensive walls and two towers. One of the towers houses the remains of a 16th-century chapel.

The fortress was built on a rocky hill by the Hungarian King Béla IV as part of his efforts to defend the area from Mongol invasions. The fortifications have been restored in recent years and can now be visited. Inside the walls of the citadel, you can find some interesting artifacts from its history, including sculptures, coins, and pottery.

Cetatea Bologa is an ideal destination for anyone interested in exploring Romania’s rich medieval history. Not only does it offer a glimpse into the past, but it is also surrounded by breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. Visitors can explore the ruins at their leisure, or take part in guided tours that offer more detailed information about its fascinating history.

19) Șoimoș Fortress (Cetatea Șoimoș), AR

The Soimos fortress was built towards the end of the century. XIII by a noble family. At the beginning of the century. the fourteenth century, the Falcon becomes a royal fortress. Donated repeatedly to the noble families of the time, the fortress reaches 1446 under the ownership of Iancu De Hunedoara. Once inside, you will truly discover the heart of the city. The inner courtyard and the ruins of the old rooms remind us of the important role that the fortification had in the past.

Cetatea Soimos is an important part of Romanian history and a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring its past. With its impressive architecture and well-preserved ruins, this medieval citadel is sure to be a rewarding experience.

20) Callatis Citadel (Cetatea Callatis), CT – 20 Best Medieval Citadels in Romania

Located in the southern part of Romania, Cetatea Callatis (Acervetis) is an impressive medieval citadel that should not be missed. Constructed in the 7th century, it was a prominent stronghold in the region and served to protect the city from enemies. The citadel features a massive wall that surrounds the fortress and a keep which are some of the most impressive elements of this structure. Inside the walls, visitors can explore two towers, each with its unique architectural style, as well as a moat and various tunnels.

One of the towers is decorated with various pieces of medieval jewelry, making it a must-see attraction. Visitors can also take in views of the Black Sea and the nearby city of Mangalia from this site. A visit to Cetatea Callatis is a great way to get a glimpse into Romania’s past and admire some of the best examples of medieval architecture in the country.


As you can see, Romania is full of stunning medieval citadels that are a must-see for every traveler. From Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei to Cetatea Callatis, these Romanian citadels will offer an incredible adventure and unforgettable memories. 

Don’t forget to take pictures of your journey and share them with your friends using Framey App! Through this app, you can post your vacation photos and at the same time be inspired by other people’s trips. 

Happy exploring!